In the history of Islam in Indonesia, the pesantren is not the only institution of Muslim religious education, and the tradition it embodies is only one out of several tendencies within Indonesian Islam. Traditionalist, modernist, and fundamentalist discourses emerged and to some extent developed into rigid traditions. The main goal of the pesantrens is the transmission of Islamic knowledge as laid down in scripture such as classical texts of the various Islamic disciplines together with commentaries and discussions on these basic texts written over the ages.
Pesantrens teach tafsir (Qur’anic interpretation) with other branches of Islamic knowledge such as fiqh, hadith, tasawwuf, and kalam. One of Indonesia’s great traditions could be found and embodied in the Javanese pesantrens. He will discuss on the roles of the religious leaders in the study of tafsir and kitab kuning in Indonesa focusing on three pesantrens in Java. He also addresses several questions to discuss on why they differently select tafsir work to be taught, their concerns in study of tafsir, and how they contribute to tafsir. It applies Max Weber’s concept on religious leadership and charisma. Additionally, it also uses tafsir and kitab kuning theory. This study uses qualitative data for analysis of materials collected from observations, interviews, and library research.
Dr. Phil. Ferry Muhammadsyah Siregar, LC. MA is from North Sumatra of Indonesia. He is Editor, Researcher and Author of the UGM Graduate School Press (2007-Present). He is also one of editorial team for the Kawistara Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora, Jurnal Teknosains, and Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional of the UGM Graduate School. He received Ph.D degree from the Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS) at Gadjah Mada University (2014). He received his Bachelor degree (B.A) from Al-Azhar University in Cairo Egypt (2000) and Master’s degree (M.A) in Religious and Cultural Studies from the Center for Religious and Cross Cultural Studies (CRCS) at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta (2005). He was an exchange student of CRCS at Temple University, USA (2005) and Graduate fellow at Asia Research Institute NUS Singapore (2008 and 2009). He is a member of the American Academy of Religion (AAR) and American Moslem Social Scientists (AMSS) in the US. His research interest is on Religious Studies, Islamic Studies, Tafsir Ta’wil and Quranic Hermeneutic, Islamic Classical Text, Indonesian Pesantrens and Madrasahs, Islamic movements and Globalization, Religious Leader and Charismatic Leadership, the Anthropology and Sociology of Islam and Muslim Cultures. His email is: email@example.com
Artikel ini juga tersedia dalam bahasa : English