Hamka’s View in Regard to The People of The Book

Title: Hamka’s View In Regard To The People Of The Book: A Study of Qur’anic Verses Concerning the People of the Book through Tafsir al Azhar

Author: Iswahyudi, S. Ag (CRCS, 2005)

Abtract:


Community that gets a lot of attentions in Qur’an is those who are called as the People of the Book. Quranic view of the People of the Book is vary, negative and positive, the matters concerning their religious attitudes as well as their attitude toward Islam and Muslims. Nevertheless they have a distinctive position in Islam. Accordingly various arguments around who are regarded as the People of the Book become significant for its legal and theological consequences. Explicitly al-Qur’an seems to refer to two religious communities Jews and Christians when it talks about the People of the Book. However, different terms apply concerning the People of the Book as well as stating another community result to possibility of extending range and meaning of the People of the Book.

 

Those phenomena will be elaborated through Tafsir al-Azhar written by Hamka. Therefore this thesis is about Hamka’s view toward those who considered as the People of the Book. The research bases it main sources on Hamka’s Tafsir Books that is Tafsir al-Azhar. For that reason the thesis is aimed at reconstruction of Hamka’s view of the People of the Book through his Tafsir al-Azha,r matters are concerning theological views and interreligious relationships. In order to carry out this the writer however collected some relevant verses of the Qur’an to the topic and elaborated them together with other sources inductively and deductively.

 

Hamka’s view toward the People of the Book theologically and sociologically, the matters concerning theological view such as salvation of the People of the Book, interreligious relationships like interreligious marriage and Muslims’ attitudes toward them to some extent are in line to other commentators of the Qur’an. Nevertheless, his life experiences as well as Indonesian context have enriched his views toward other religion, and finally his views will be examined through interreligious framework.

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