Gunung Saris Divide Mosques

Title : Gunung Sari’s Divide Mosques: the Competition among Islamic Group in Javanese Society
Author : Ahmad Salehudin (CRCS, 2006)
Keywords : religious expression, religion-social interaction, and religious social construction
Gunung Sari is a hamlet where all citizens are Muslim. In the beginning, Gunung Sari society was Islamic-NU followers and only had a langgar. However, after other Islamic groups entered, the Islamic expression has also changed sharply. The one Islamic group become three Islamic groups that are: NU, Muhammadiyah, and Islam Tauhid. The Langgar that functioned as both a praying place and a meeting plan for all Gunung Sari citizens was destroyed, then they have developed there mosques that are: Zuhud Mosque of Islam Tauhid, Miftahul Huda Mosque of NU and al-Ikhlas Mosque of  Muhammadiyah. Those Islamic groups and mosques show that there are different Islamic expressions in Gunung Sari.

This research will elaborate three points which are: what are the religious expressions at Gunung Sari citizens? How do the expressions influence the religious interactions? And how have the religious expressions been constructed? By elaborating on those questions, this research is able to show the plural concept of truth in religiosity as understood by citizens of Gunung Sari not by outside opinions. Widely this research will look again at the concept of Islamic syncretism that is attributed to the Islamic, especially in Java, that was promoted by Geertz, Mulder, and Beatty.

For achieving the purposes, this research uses a qualitative approach and data will be analysed through descriptic analytic methods. The data collected, processed, and nalysed through multistage and multilevel ways using purposive sampling. The ways for collecting data are documentation, observation, and indepth interview. This research also uses some theories that are religion as system of culture (Clifford Geertz), social construction (Peter L. Berger) and religious expression (Joachim Wach). Duration of the research was eight months from October 2005 until May 2006.

The results of research show that the form of religious expression of Gunung Sari citizens both in thought, ritual, and community that are shown in ceremony, rites of passage and to be NU, Muhammadiyah and Islam Tauhid, are forms of response to ultimate reality (Allah). The differences in religious concepts among society have influenced religious social interaction that is expressed through words like wong ora duwe akhlaq (amoral people), wong jowo ora njwani (Javanese that are unjavanese), and panganene asu (dog food). The religious expressions have been influenced by religious social construction which is done by religious leader (elite), especially how they understanding sacred texts, inheritance of Islamic scholar, and how they look at connection between religion and local tradition. Indeed the differentiations of religious understanding have constructed many faces of Islam and also many kinds of pious people.

This post is also available in: Indonesian

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