The Religious Figure’s Attitudes and Religious Understanding Related to the Social Aid Activities from Religious Institutions

Title : THE RELIGIOUS FIGURES’ ATTITUDES AND RELIGIOUS UNDERSTANDING RELATED TO THE SOCIAL AID ACTIVITIES FROM RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS (A Case Study in Gunungkidul, D.I. Yogyakarta)
Author : Amin Ma’ruf (CRCS, 2007)
Keywords : inter-religious attitudes, inter-religious understanding, potential conflict
Abstract
There is a reality in Gunungkidul that many activities of social aid are conducted by different religious institutions. The activities do not always get good response from people there. The rising issue is religious proselytizing, especially Christianity (Protestant and Catholic) or in a popular term, ‘Christianization’. The issue influences inter-religious relationship. Here, role of religious authority or local religious prominent figures becomes important and significant in interreligious relationship. This research aims to understand religious potential conflict in Gunungkidul by exploring their religious attitudes and understanding related to the social aid activities from different religious institutions.

The object of the research is religious institutions in Gunungkidul which have significant influence to society. This research uses purposive sampling method, observation and in-depth interview. In analysis, this research uses Miles and Huberman model, which are data reduction, empirical object explanation, conclusion, and verification.

The results of the research are: the attitudes of religious prominent figures can be divided into three kinds, which are acceptance, acceptance with certain prerequisite, and rejection. The attitudes have correlation to their understanding of theology, religious encounter history in the world, Indonesia/ local context, and contemporary situation. There are different motivations and cognitive aspects of the religious figures which have a consequence that one kind of attitude uncertainly has a background of similar understanding, even different understanding. The cognitive aspects which influence their attitude and understanding are inter-religious interaction, religious education background, and origin. Then, it can be understood that inter-religious situation there has a big potential conflict compare to a rapid social dynamic. Inter-religious relationship there is still burdened by religious conflict history; majority-minority paradigm tends to religious competition, and Government domination in inter-religious life.

This post is also available in: Indonesian

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