|Title||:||Sultan HB IX (His View and Attitude on Religion and Inter-Religious Relationship)|
|Author||:||Cut Mita (CRCS, 2004)|
|Keywords||:||Sultan HB IX; Religion; Inter-religious Relationship; Religious Tolerance.|
|This research is aimed at understanding the Sultan’s view and attitude on religion and inter-religious relationship also its impacts to religious tolerance at Yogyakarta. Moreover the other goal of this research is to know and identify about factors that influential toward the Sultan’s view and attitude on religion and interreligious relationship.The basic research is library research. Data that will be collected are data related directly to the Sultan’s view and attitude toward religion and inter-religious relationships. These data can be obtained from books, local newspapers, and so forth. To more detail, data will be analyzed by using descriptive method and content analysis.
This research also will be supported by interviews with several relevant individuals as abdi dalem and Sultan’s family. This research will use sociological approach i.e., approach gives attention to religious aspects or elements. In addition, the output of this research will be presented in a descriptive and analytical explanation.
From the research done, it could be concluded that as a Muslim king, the Sultan HB IX is well known as a democrat and tolerant king. He always maintains the tradition to keep tranquility and peace in Yogyakarta. Moreover the Sultan HB IX never differentiate religions, ethnics, or cultures of his citizenry. In making a decision, the Sultan HB IX always endeavors to hear the opinions of other groups, and religions through dialogues.
Further, the Sultan HB IX very realizes the pluralities among his populace. Awareness toward these pluralities does not only mean that the Sultan HB IX knows about those differences, but he also pays attention to handle those differences and pluralities through dialogues and making the policies. Therefore, the Sultan HB IX can be classified as a figure ‘Inclusive-Transformative’.
Inclusive, because he realizes that the truth and salvation do not only exist in his religion, but also exist in other religions. This inclusive attitude does not mean that the Sultan HB IX acts intolerant to other religions conversely he is tolerant without losing the basic foundation of his Islamicity.
On the other hand, he is labeled as transformative, because the interaction and dialogue that has been done between Sultan HB IX and his populace will express/utter the attitude of transformation i.e., an attitude of mutual respect and help among religions.
Actually, there are some factors influencing and forming the Sultan’s view and attitude on religion and inter-religious relationships, among them are: background of his life from childhood up to adult, the ancestor teachings, historical factor, cultural/tradition factor, the Wayang philosophy, and Javanese Ethic.
In the future, Indonesia needs figures such as Sultan HB IX. This is caused because all people whatever their religion, etnicity and culture should be able to hold a dialogue and to get the same interest/attention from Sultan HB IX.
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