Title: Liberation Theology in Qur’anic Interpretation (Farid Esack’s Perspective on Inter-Religious Cooperation against Injustice)
Author: Erik Sabti Rahmawati (CRCS 2006)
Key words: Liberation theology, qur’anic interpretation, interreligious cooperation
This research aims to answer the problems that is related to Farid Esack’s perspective: (1) How did Esack apply principles of Liberation Theology in his Qur’anic interpretation? (2) How is Farid Esack’s perspective on inter-religious cooperation against injustice? (3) Why did Farid Esack propose his perspective on inter-religious cooperation in Al-Qur’an?
This research uses histories and the hermeneutic approach. The historical approach is used to map chronologically the side of history that has to do with Esack’s perspective, as Causal explanation of the idea and the hermeneutical approach used to sharpen the understanding of Esack’s perspective, as historical data.
The result of this research: First, Esack’s Hermeneutics does not only rotate at discourse and comprehend a text, but praxis. In this case, Esack seems to follow path hermeneutics circle raised by liberation theologians: praxis (experience) to text (reflection) to praxis (experience). In consequence, he proposed keys of hermeneutics as follow: taqwa, tauhid, nas, mustadl`afin, adl and qist, and jihad, which is typically pursuant to context of South Africa in the struggle for justice. Second, pluralism of religion and inter-religious cooperation, according to Esack, is not only based on reason and intention of sociologies or praxis, but theologies. According to Esack, acknowledgement al-Qur’an to religious pluralism is not only from other clan acceptance side as valid socio-religious community but also from their spirituality life acceptance aspect and salvation through different way, it means that al-Qur’an, explicitly and also implicitly esteems and accepts truth of other religions, so that cooperation between Muslin and non-Muslim obtain and must be done on the basis of theologies awareness.
Third, Esack’s perspective about pluralism and inter-religious cooperation, emerge because of the first, the spirit of age, that is the age of convergence or ecumenism of religions (conference of religions), and the second empiric condition in South Africa. In the oppressed condition and the weakness, Islam people still do not want to struggle with “others” for the shake of upholding the truth that exactly represent important vision of Islam, because most classic interpretations which is exclusive do not allow them to do cooperation with other religions.