Religious Education Having a Pluralism Conception

Title : Religious Education Having a Pluralism Conception: an Analyses of Religious Education Impact and Relation to the Building of Plural Attitudes, Behavior and Views on Students at Senior High Schools in Denpasar
Author : Jeny Elna Mahupale (CRCS, 2007)
Keywords : religious education, pluralism, attitude, behave and view of student
Abstract
This thesis explorer the theme of Religious Education and Pluralism in the context of school communities in Denpasar reviewed through approaches of religion and educational sciences. The present study aims at, first, to describe the school studied include both school with religiously homogeneous student body and religiously heterogeneous student bodies of religious education in some schools at Denpasar. Second, is to know whether the implementation of religious education support pluralism conceptions in those schools. Third, to know any relations and impacts of implementing religious education having pluralism conception to attitudes, behavior and views on students who value the importance of pluralistic values? The writer assumes that the school communities in executing the education processes have or support awareness on contextual of multicultural religious education. The writer considers that awareness of community on those schools influenced much by contextualization of multicultural discourse developing at social community.

The investigation was done in two ways: bibliographical study and field study. The bibliographical study was done by determining a theoretical framework and analyzing data collected. Field study was done at schools in Denpasar with a focus on five schools those are the State Senior High School 1 Denpasar (state school), the Catholic Senior High School Saint Joseph (school owned by a Catholic foundation), the Senior High School Dwijendra (school with an equal status under a Hindu Foundation), the MAS Al-Ma’ruf (private Islamic school), and the Senior High School Taman Rama Mahatma Gandhi (an international-rate private school following principles and teaching of Mahatma Gandhi). The field study in these five schools is very useful in tracking processes of pluralism religious education implementations through interviews, observations, collecting of questionnaire data. Results of investigation analyzed by describing implementations of religious education at each school and analyzed for their impacts and relations between the religious education and pluralist attitudes, behavior and views on students.

Results of descriptive analyses demonstrated the importance of implementing religious education having multicultural conception while results of impact analyses showed that implementation of religious education curriculum do not give any significant impacts toward pluralistic attitudes and behavior on students as a factor of low quality in implementing the religious education. From the relation analyses we can see results that cross-tab chi-square tests showed where religious education has close enough relations to efforts in improving pluralism attitudes, behavior and views of students.

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