Kiai Langgar and Kalebun: A Study on The Contestation of Two Cultural Brokers in A Non-Pesantren in Madura

Title : Kiai Langgar and Kalebun: A Study on The Contestation of Two Cultural Brokers in A Non-Pesantren in Madura, Indonesia
Author : Muhammad Endy Saputro (CRCS, 2008)
Keywords : cultural broker, Madura, discursive tradition
Abstract :
Madura is one of thousand Indonesian islands which identical with kiai and the pesantren. Through the pesantren, the kiai institutionalizes Islamic knowledge into Madurese people. However, what happens if a Madurese village has no pesantren (Islamic boarding school)? My research reveals that the absence of pesantren in Madura raises a contestation of cultural brokers.There are two cultural brokers in Gapurana, namely the Kalebun (leader of the village) and the Kiai Langgar (religious leader of a small mosque). Those two have their own parameter to implement the tradition in that village. These parameters evoke two distinctive traditions in Gapurana, they are the kalebun’s tradition and the kiai’s tradition. The kalebun’s tradition is based on the Madurese historical precedence and on the other hand, the kiai’s tradition is based on Qur’an and tradition of the prophet Muhammad. Applying critically Talal Asad’s concept on tradition (1993; 1996a; 1996b), I analyze those two contestations.Based on my fieldwork, I find that although the kalebun’s tradition gives negative effects of the Gapuranese economics, the Gapuranese people remain conduct the kalebun’s tradition. On the other hand, the kyai’s tradition seeks to prevent the Gapuranese from the negative effects of the kalebun’s tradition.

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