The Dialectic of Muhammadiyah and Local Culture: Study on the Reorientation of Muhammadiyah’s Manhaj Tarjih about Culture

Title : The Dialectic of Muhammadiyah and Local Culture: Study on the Reorientation of Muhammadiyah’s Manhaj Tarjih about Culture
Author : Syaugi (CRCS, 2005)
Keywords : Manhaj Tarjih, the Pure Islam, Muhammadiyah, Purification
Abstract :
The objective of this study were to know the manhaj tarjih (interpretation) of Muhammadiyah toward culture, and to know to what extent the dialectics of Muhammadiyah with the local culture taken place as the consequence of the new manhaj, which brought about diversity of religious behavioral in the Muhammadiyah followers.This study used qualitative approach based on the existing social reality in Muhammadiyah movement, which had historical, religious, and cultural dimensions. Since it was a literature research that used descriptive-analytical method based on textual study, the data collection used documentation. The data were classified into primary and secondary ones and analyzed by using systematic-descriptive method.The results showed that the propagation of Muhammadiyah to remotes had resulted in cultural fragmentation in its purification movement. Further, it was in line with the cultural proselytizing and the Islamic law spiritualizing programs that made its proselytizing style become accommodative in nature and was tolerant to the local culture. Moreover, with three approaches of bayani, burhani and irfani approaches as part of its manhaj tarjih, the purification ideology could run side by side with the socio-cultural approach. With the diversity of religious behavior of its followers in the pure Islamic ideological framework, it showed the dialectics with the local culture.

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