Interaction Patterns of Arab Descendants’ Community and Local Population in Gapuro Sukolilo Village

Title :  Interaction Patterns of Arab Descendants’ Community and Local Population in Gapuro Sukolilo Village, Gresik
Author : Ummu Hafidzah (CRCS, 2007)
Keywords : acculturation, assimilation, overt culture, covert culture
Abstract :
This research aims at describing the interaction patterns of kampong Arab Gresik society that is heterogenic and their impacts to the culture of population there. The hypotheses that are proposed here are: (1) generally, Arab descendants can be grouped in two characteristics: Firstly, people who have been integrated to society by assimilation process; secondly, people who still have had an identity of Arabness and existed in acculturation border; (2) the impact of the integration, the intrinsic part of Arab descendants society’s culture (overt culture) has changed and the extrinsic one (covert culture) has still held and practiced.

Subject of thesis research is Arab descendants’ community in Gapuro Sukolilo Village, Gresik. The colleting data is attained by using observing participants, and taking the in depth interview to such a person, scholars, and certain respondent who have any relation to the topic being researched. Later on, the data, which collected through field research and library research, are then analyzed descriptively, interpretively, and critically as well.

The research finding shows that there are various factors which influence the integration process in Gapuro Sukolilo Village. They come not only from Arabic ethnic group itself but also from local population. The supporting factors are mixed marriage and economic cooperation. The inhibiting factors are prejudice and stereotype. Besides, there are binding factors that can minimize conflict: similarity of religion, interdependence and brotherhood feeling. The impact of integration to Arab descendants’ community can be seen on their extrinsic (physical) culture such as rites (rites of passages and rites of Islamic holy days), traditions (food, building, language, art, and medicinal treatment), values (education and women’s position), and symbols (dress and mosque). But, they have still held on some intrinsic culture, like kafa’ah (equality of rank), patriarchal system in kinship, and way of visiting. Besides, the Arab descendants’ community also influences local population, in physical culture (language, dress, and art), and religious practices (path for mystics, celebration of Prophet’s birthday, and commemoration of every year’s death).

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