Topik diskusi pada Wednesday Forum minggu ini adalah “Penolakan Kaum Yahudi terhadap Konversi di Spanyol Abad XIV”, yang akan diartikulasikan oleh Kristine T. Utterback, Ph. D., pembicara minggu ini. Kami mengundang Anda untuk bergabung dalam forum ini. Beberapa informasi mengenai forum ini dapat dibaca sebagai berikut ini.
Hari/tanggal: Rabu, 20 Mei 2009
Waktu: 12.30 ? 14.30 WIB (makan siang gratis)
Tempat: Ruang 306, UGM Sekolah Pascasarjana Jln. Teknika Utara Pogung
Pembicara: Kristine T. Utterback, Ph. D
Jews, Christians and Muslims co-existed more or less amicably on the Iberian Peninsula, in what is now Spain, from about the eighth to the thirteenth century, a situation often called convivencia (living together). By the middle of the thirteenth century, however, convivencia was breaking down, and Jews came under increasing pressure to convert to Christianity: in 1391 a pogrom throughout Spain fatally weakened the Jewish communities there; in 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, whose marriage united the two largest kingdoms of the peninsula into Spain, required Jews to convert to Christianity or leave the newly unified country.
The eventual destruction of Judaism in Spain may give the impression of the inevitability of Jewish disappearance from the region, but it was anything but inevitable. Jews did not sit idly by and wait for the dissolution of their communities through conversion. They no doubt assumed that this was simply another threat to Jewish survival, and they employed resistance tactics that had worked before. This essay examines some of the tactics that Jews in the Kingdom of Aragon, now northern Spain, used to resist conversion to Christianity. These tactics included various sorts of polemical writings, appeal to support from the king and attempts to rejudaize converts, that is, bring them back to Judaism. The Jews eventually failed, but between the mid-thirteenth and mid-fourteenth centuries they had no reason to expect failure, and their tactics indicate a community concerned but far from defeated.
Sekilas tentang Pembicara:
KRISTINE T. UTTERBACK, PhD, Associate Professor of Religious Studies and History, University of Wyoming Visiting Fulbright Scholar, General Education Centre, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
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