CRCS&ICRS Wednesday Forum: HIV-AIDS and Islam in Indonesia ; A Scenario of Power, Exclusion and Resistance

CRCS & ICRS mengundang anda untuk menghadiri diskusi Wednesday Forum. Sebagai pembicara adalah Syamsu Madyan, M.A., mahasiswa Ph.D. pada program studi ICRS-Yogya. Topik yang akan dipresentasikan adalah “HIV-AIDS and Islam in Indonesia ; A Scenario of Power, Exclusion and Resistance”. Diskusi akan dimulai pada:

Hari: Rabu, 17 September 2008
Jam: 13:00-15:00
Tempat: Sekolah pascasarjana UGM, lantai 3, Ruang 306. Jln. Teknika Utara Pogung

Diskusi ini gratis, dibawah ini merupakan abstrak dari paper yang akan dipresentasikan:

HIV-AIDS and Islam in Indonesia; A Scenario of Power, Exclusion and Resistance

The stigmatization toward people living with HIV-AIDS (PLWHA) in Indonesia is not based only on a misunderstanding about the nature of the disease; the stigma is also rooted epistemologically in the way Indonesian society construes HIV-AIDS according to their religion and belief. Islam and the Islamic ethos that increasingly predominates in Indonesia s popular culture has continuously confirmed about a common interpretation of AIDS that considers the disease as merely a religious moral issue. Given the findings of my prior investigation on Islamic legal decrees (fatwa) concerning HIV-AIDS, issued by Islamic authorities in Indonesia which are NU, Muhammadiyah and MUI (The Council of Indonesian Ulama). I found that whilein generalthese fatwa tended to exclude PLWHA from the territory of Islamic piety, they also constituted a form of power, oppression and marginalization by placing PLWHA in a specific category of others. This paper isthereforeintended to explain how these Islamic authorities in Indonesia construct their power. It is also to explain how these Islamic authorities have attempted to control PLWHA by imposing rules related to their way of behaving, their understanding of HIV-status and their self-conduct in relation with others. Second, this paper is to report about the preliminary findings of reactions of PLWHA toward the fatwa by questioning whether they can accept these fatwa. If they accept the provisions of these decrees, how do they reconcile and adjust their status of being PLWHA to the judgments of such Islamic authorities? If they do not accept, how do they react and resist? All in all, this paper will present a scenario of power, exclusion and resistance associated with the phenomena of HIV-AIDS and its religious-based stigma in Indonesia.

Key words: HIV-AIDS, Islamic responses, Piety, Stigma, Power, Exclusion, Incommensurability, Resistance


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