Understanding the Sunni-Shia Conflict in Madura: A New Perspective from Communication-Cultural Studies


Conflict between Sunni and Shia Muslims has taken place in Madura, particularly in Sampang, for many years, triggered typically not in relation to different interpretations of the Islamic faith but rather by clashes between the various personal and political interests of the local religious elites. This study examines the opinions, beliefs, and experiences of the communities of Sunni and Shia adherents in Madura using a communication-cultural studies perspective in order to explore the contestation of meanings of local religious and ethnic identities. This perspective can provide an alternative for unpacking the everyday lives of the Sunni and Shiites and understanding the conflict through their local cultural backgrounds and religious experiences.


Prof. Rachma Ida, Ph.D. is a lecturer at the Department of Communication Studies, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, and a member of Indonesian Communication Bachelor Association. She earned her Ph.D. from Curtin University of Technology, Australia. Her research interests are in the studies of media and culture, gender studies, and Islam/Muslim identities.

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