Applying Syariat Islam-Based Local Regulation

Title : Applying Syariat Islam-Based Local Regulation (Research For Applying District Regulation Content Syariat Islam And The Influencing To Inter-Religious Relationship In Bulukumba, South Sulawesi)
Author : Ashadi L. Diab (CRCS, 2006)
Keywords : Syariat Islam, District Regulation, and inter-religious relations.
The discourse about applying syariat Islam has been rising ever since Indonesia declared independence in 1945. Muslim Santris have always supported implementing syariat Islam while it has been opposed by nationalist Muslims. There are two ways to apply syariat Islam: legally by using political ways through political parties and illegally by using rebellion, but those ways both failed. The movement to apply syariat Islam again got momentum when the New Order (ORBA) feel and the constitution (UUD) 1945 were being amended. The opportunity has been taken by Bulukumba Muslim society, South Sulawesi to apply syariat Islam. The result was four-syariat Islam-based local regulations that are zakat regulation, alcoholic drink, write-read Arabic, and muslimah clothing.

This research elaborates three points which are: what is the background of applying syariat Islam-based local regulation in Bulukumba? What are responses about applying it? And what are the effects for Muslims society and non-Muslims in Bulukumba? By elaborating on those questions, this research is able to give contribution and awareness for Bulukumba Muslim society about applying syariat Islam-based local regulation and the effect for inter-religious relations.

For achieving those purposes, this research uses a qualitative approach and data are analysed through descriptive analytic methods. The data collected, processed, and analysed through multistage and multilevel ways using purposive sampling. The ways for collecting data are documentation, observation, and indepth interview. This research uses Arskal?s theory (level of operating syariat Islam), Merton?s and Parson?s theory (about consensus), and Berger (social construction). The duration of the research was seven months from October 2005 through May 2006.

The results of research show that there are three backgrounds ideas for applying syariat Islam-based local regulation that is historical awareness, political factors and a social reality that neglect religious values. Generally there are four responses to that District regulation that are: agree, agree with noticed, disagree than agree, and disagree. After applying syariat Islam-based local regulation, the level of criminality decreased sharply. Based on my research, the applying syariat Islam-based local regulation just is able to practice in ordinary crime and never touch what called as extra ordinary crime like corruption. The district regulation also has had a bad effect on inter-religious relations.

This post is also available in: Indonesian


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