A Case Study of Models of Inter-Religious Dialogue at Pesantren Al Muayyad Windan, Solo

Title : A Case Study of Models of Inter-Religious Dialogue at Pesantren Al Muayyad Windan, Solo
Author : Muhammad Ishom (CRCS, 2006)
Keywords : Pesantren – Interreligious Dialogue – Peace
Pesantren Al Muayyad Windan (PMW) is situated at the village of Windan, Makamhaji – Kartosuro, Sukoharjo Regency. This pesantren is more commonly known as situated in the city of Solo because it is 3 kms away from the downtown. Another reason is that the activities of inter-religious dialogue conducted by PMW have greater impacts on the situation of the city of Solo rather than the city of Sukoharjo which is 17 kms away from the pesantren. Since the May Riot in 1998, PMW has played an important role in keeping peace in Solo through activities of inter-religious dialogues. These activities are important because the city of Solo has a big potential for conflicts between the Javanese and the Chinese ethnics. Inter-religious tensions between the radical Muslims and Christian fundamentalists have frequently occurred since the collapse of the New Order Regime in 1998. Kiai Dian Nafi’, the director of PMW, has become one of the most important figures in inter-religious dialogues in Solo to build and keep peace there. The involvement of PMW in inter-religious dialogue in Solo is also important to give balanced information due to the stigma that pesantrens are breeding grounds for terrorists.

This research is aimed at answering the following questions: what background of thought underlies the activities of inter-religious dialogue conducted by PMW; and what models of inter-religious dialogue are applied by PMW in their interactions with group of people of different religions. To answer these questions, this research was conducted through theological approaches under Knitter’s theory of theologies of religions. The technique of collecting data was conducted with the technique of documentation toward the documents of PMW related to the activities of inter-religious dialogue, literary study on fiqh concerning inter-religious relations, interviews with Kiai Dian Nafi, santri-santri, inter-religious leaders, and grassroots non-Muslims regardless of whether they are involved or not. Interviews were also conducted with Muslim leaders of another pesantren (Pesantren Al Mukmin Ngruki), and the chairman of the Indonesian Board of Ulama (MUI) Solo Chapter.

The results of this research are: first, the backgrounds of thoughts of inter-religious dialogue conducted by PMW are: (1) theological reason, i.e.: Quran, 29:46, 3:84 and 49:13, (2) sociological reason, i.e.: religious pluralism, the need for communication and mutual understanding, and (3) personal reason, i.e., the commitment of Kiai Dian Nafi to have an active tolerance and responsibility toward people of other religions. Second, the models of inter-religious dialogue applied by PMW are (1) the replacement model, (2) the fulfillment model, (3) the mutuality model, and (4) the acceptance model. Second, the models of inter-religious dialogue as proposed by Knitter which are based on Christian views are also applicable to analyze Muslim attitudes toward other religions, especially Christianity.

This post is also available in: Indonesian


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