Mission and Dakwah Movement Behind the Inter-Religious Social Riot in Indonesia

Title : Mission And Dakwah Movement Behind The Inter-Religious Social Riot In Indonesia: An Analytical Study of Some Reports of Riot Cases at Situbondo and Rengasdengklok 1996-1997
Author : Ruzi Haryadi (CRCS, 2007)
Keywords : mission, dakwah, riot, conflict, Rengasdengklok, Situbondo
There were many riots and conflicts that occurred during the late 90’s in Indonesia. Some of them entangle religious people, peculiarly amongst Indonesian Christians and Moslems. The riots and conflicts have left over many victims, ruins, debris and also questions. “Why did the riot happen?” and “What is the root of the problem behind the riots?” A number of experts have given analysis to answer the questions, from the political, economical, social, and cultural aspect. However, the author in this research tried to look for another side to give answer to the same question.

This research explores reports concerning riot cases that occured in Indonesia which entangle religious elements. The research focuses on two riot cases from 1996 and 1997 that took place in Situbondo East Java and Rengasdengklok West Java. The early assumption of the author in seeing the riot cases is that riot and conflict entangling religious elements surely cannot be discharged from the religious elements its self, such as religious concept, doctrine or teaching. In this case, the author discerns that theological aspects such as the concept of mission in Christianity and dakwah in Islam need to be explored farther to see the relationship as well as its role in riot cases.

The necessity to review the concept of mission and dakwah are based upon the consideration that mission and dakwah are two unfinished “home work” dealing with inter-religious relationships (in the meaning of having potential conflict in the implementation), especially between Indonesian Christians and Moslems. There are two problems raised in this research. First, what did the mission and the dakwah movement looks like in the riot case in Situbondo and of Rengasdengklok from 1996-1997? Second, what is the role of the mission and the dakwah movement in creating the riot of Situbondo and Rengasdengklok?

Through the use of a theological normative approach, phenomenology approach, and theory of “the emergent of norm” from Smelser, the author finds that the mission and the dakwah movement in Christianity and Islam have a role as a determinant in creating riot cases in Situbondo and Rengasdengklok. This is due to these factors being relevant with 4 out of 6 of the determinant factors that create “collective behaviour” such as the riot. Factors related to the mission and the dakwah movement are the structural congruity, structural tension, perspective spread out, and the accelerator. Meanwhile the form of the mission and the dakwah movement in the map of riot are efforts to spread religion and building churches by Christians which received opposition and resistance from Moslem community.

This post is also available in: Indonesian


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